Decagon 5TM (Manufacturers webpage)

This sensor communicates digitally via the SDI-12 protocol. http://www.sdi-12.org/
 The cRIO in Panel 02 contains an NI-9403 high speed digital I/O module. The FPGA on the cRIO is programmed with a custom SDI-12 communications emulator. The module is capable of communicating with approximately 26 of the 32 digital buses simultaneously, this limit is aparently a hardware issue related to the impedance of the SDI-12 sensor network (basically the current draw to communicate with all those sensors is more than the module can provide). To combat this problem, the SDI-12 network is polled in two parts - all 5TM sensors, then all MPS-2 sensors.

The digital signal, when decoded, forms a simple ASCII text string which identifies the sensor address, the relative permittivity, and the temperature in degrees Celsius. An example output string is "B+7.5+25.6" - this shows sensor address "B", relative permittivity "+7.5", and temperature "25.6" Celsius.

The 5TM terminates to a custom junction board designed by Aztera (http://www.aztera.com/). The board provides a many-to-one junction for power, ground, and signal buses which allows for 32 SDI-12 sensors to be connected to a single signal bus.

Calculation Notes

Sensor Code:5TM
Sensor:5TM from Decagon Devices Inc.
Measurement:Volumetric water content (%) and Temperature (°C)
Output 1:Apparent dielectric permittivity (unit-less)Range 1:1 to 80
Output 2:Temperature (°C)Range 2:-40 to 50
Output 3:VWC (\%) = 17.8 * \sqrt{output1} - 40.9 Range 3:0 to 50

C8 soil calibration as provided by Decagon Devices on August 15, 2011.  Database uses coefficients A=17.8, B=40.9

Wiring Diagram


This wiki is licensed under a Creative Commons 2.0 license
XWiki Enterprise 13.10.5 - Documentation